After years of using Tableau, I was finally given a use case that would allow me to create an Arc Chart; I always strive to build the best visualization for the client’s requirements. The client wanted to visualize the number of issues that were being escalated from each level. In this tutorial, I will go through the steps to create an Arc Chart.
Our data set will consist of:
|Step||Start Point||End Point||Path||Escalations|
|A to B||1||2||1||10|
|A to B||1||2||181||10|
|A to C||1||3||1||4|
|A to C||1||3||181||4|
|A to D||1||4||1||2|
|A to D||1||4||181||2|
|A to E||1||5||1||1|
|A to E||1||5||181||1|
|B to C||2||3||1||5|
|B to C||2||3||181||5|
|B to D||2||4||1||2|
|B to D||2||4||181||2|
|B to E||2||5||1||1|
|B to E||2||5||181||1|
|C to D||3||4||1||4|
|C to D||3||4||181||4|
|C to E||3||5||1||2|
|C to E||3||5||181||2|
|D to E||4||5||1||4|
|D to E||4||5||181||4|
Copy and paste this into Tableau and look at the data.
Note: We could have used the left and right functions to isolate the level and then use Calculated Fields to work out the Start Point and End Point, but for simplicity we I will include this in the data set. But if you want to try, use something like IF LEFT([Step],1) = “A” THEN 1…
We will create a Path (bin) object by:
- Right click on Path
- Go to Create, Bins…
- In Edit [Path] set the Size of bins to 1
- Click Ok
Create the following Calculated Fields by as follows:
([WC_End Point]-[WC_Start Point])/2
Now that we have all the Calculated fields, we will now go about building our worksheet.
Let’s start by dragging our Calculated fields onto the worksheet:
- Drag Step onto Detail Mark
- Drag Path (Bin) onto Columns
- Right-click on Path (bin) to ensure the Show Missing Values is checked.
- Drag Path (bin) onto the Details Mark
- Drag X onto Columns
- Right click on X, select Compute Using and choose Path (Bin)
- Drag Y onto Rows
- Right click on Y, select Compute Using and choose Path (Bin)
- Change the Mark Type to Line
- Drag Index onto the Path Mark
- Right click on Index, select Compute Using and choose Path (Bin)
- Drag WC_Escalations onto the Size Mark
- Right click on WC_Escalations, select Compute Using and choose Path (Bin)
You should now see the following:
Ok, we are not quite there yet, but we are getting there.
- Edit the X Calculated Field by changing it to:
- ((COS([Index]*[WC_PI]/180))*[WC_Step Size])+[WC_Step Size]+[WC_Start Point]
This will shift the half circles and will give you the following:
nd we are done, at least from a technical perspective.
Now do the following:
- Remove Gridlines and other lines, so that we get a white background
- Fix the x-axis to be from 0.75 to 5.25
- Hide the X and Y Axis
- Add some tooltips
- Add Labels underneath the visualisation in a dashboard
In the end, hopefully, you will have something that looks like this.
his type of chart can be used to highlight:
- Time spent at each stage of a manufacturing process
- Drop-offs on during an online sales process
- Visitor drop-offs for views on a website
I hope you enjoyed following this blog and, as always, let me know your comments below, or on Twitter at @Tableau_Magic.
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