Requested from a friend, here is a nice and simple tutorial on creating Half Circle Gauge Charts in Tableau. In this tutorial, we are going to show the colour-coded percentage out of 100.

Note: This is an alternative type of data visualisation, and sometimes pushed for by clients. Please always look at best practices for data visualisations before deploying this into production.

Data

Load the following data into Tableau Desktop / Tableau Public.

Country,Value
United Kingdom,90
United States,70
Australia,50
France,30

Once your data is copied into Tableau, right-click on the data source and click on Edit Data Source… with the Data Source Editor open, paste the following:

Type,Path
Foreground,1
Foreground,182
Background,1
Background,182

You should get an error as there is no joining column, however, click on Add new join clause, go to Create Join Calculation, type 1 and click OK. Do this for the right-hand side as well. Ensure that you have Inner join selected and you should see the following:

Note: we need two records for each Country as we are going to be drawing lines and using densification to get more points on our canvas. For more information, check out our article on Data Densification.

Calculated Fields

With our data set loaded into Tableau, we are going to create the following Calculated Fields and Bins:

Create Path (bin)

  • Right-click on Path, go to Create and select Bins…
  • In the Edit Bins dialogue window:
    • Set New field name to Path (bin).
    • Set Size of bins to 1.
    • Click Ok.

Index

(INDEX()-1)*2

TC_Type

WINDOW_MAX(MAX([Type]))

TC_Value

WINDOW_MAX(MAX([Value]))/100

X

IF [TC_Type] = "Foreground" THEN
    IF [Index] <= 180 THEN
        COS(RADIANS([Index]*[TC_Value]))
    ELSE
        COS(RADIANS((362-[Index])*[TC_Value]))*2
    END
ELSE
    IF [Index] <= 180 THEN
        COS(RADIANS([Index]))
    ELSE
        COS(RADIANS(362-[Index]))*2
    END
END

Y

IF [TC_Type] = "Foreground" THEN
    IF [Index] <= 180 THEN
        SIN(RADIANS([Index]*[TC_Value]))
    ELSE
        SIN(RADIANS((362-[Index])*[TC_Value]))*2
    END
ELSE
    IF [Index] <= 180 THEN
        SIN(RADIANS([Index]))
    ELSE
        SIN(RADIANS(362-[Index]))*2
    END
END

Color

IF [TC_Type] = "Foreground" THEN
    IF [TC_Value] > 0.8 THEN
        "Green"
    ELSEIF [TC_Value] < 0.5 THEN
        "Red"
    ELSE
        "Orange"
    END
ELSE
    "Grey"
END

Zero

0

With this done, let us start creating our data visualisation.

Worksheet

We will now build our first worksheet:

  • Change the Mark Type to Polygon.
  • Drag Country onto Filters and select the United States.
  • Drag Country onto Columns.
  • Drag Type onto the Detail Mark.
  • Drag Path (bin) onto the Rows Shelf.
    • Right-click on the object and ensure that Show Missing Values is selected.
    • Drag this object onto the Detail Mark.
  • Drag X onto Columns.
    • Right-click on this object, go to Computer Using and select Path (bin).
  • Drag Y onto Rows.
    • Right-click on this object, go to Computer Using and select Path (bin).

If all goes well, you should now see the following:

We will now adjust our data visualisation.

  • Right-click on the Type object on the Detail Mark and select Sort.
    • Select Sort by as Manual, and ensure that Foreground is on top.
  • Double-click on the X-axis and in Scale select Reversed.
  • Drag Zero onto Columns.
    • In SUM(Zero) Mark Panel change the Mark Type to Text.
    • Drag TC_Value onto the Text Mark. Right-click on this object and format this as a percentage.
  • Right-click on SUM(Zero) and select Dual Axis.
  • In both Mark Panels, remove the Measure Names.

You should have the following:

We will now adjust the cosmetics.

  • Hide the Grid Lines.
  • Hide the Row Dividers.
  • Hide the Column Dividers.
  • Hide the Zero Lines.
  • Adjust the Colours.
  • Adjust the font size.
  • Hide the Tool Tips (this is not really needed here).

Edit the filters and you should now hopefully have the following:

and boom, we are done, you can find my data visualisation on Tableau Public at https://public.tableau.com/profile/toan.hoang#!/vizhome/HalfCircleGaugeCharts/HalfCircleGaugeCharts

Summary

I hope you all enjoyed this article as much as I enjoyed writing it and as always do share the love. Do let me know if you experienced any issues recreating this Visualisation, and as always, please leave a comment below or reach out to me on Twitter @Tableau_Magic.

If you want to learn more about Creating Bespoke Data Visualisations in Tableau, do check out our course on Udemy at https://www.udemy.com/course/creating-bespoke-data-visualisations-in-tableau

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.